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Single Case Study Methodology

Case Study Methodology - psyking.net Case Study Methodology - psyking.net
2(14) A case study is expected to capture the complexity of a single case, and the methodology which enables this has developed within the social sciences.

Single Case Study Methodology

Her research interests include undergraduate and postgraduate nurse education with her current study focusing on the practice readiness of new graduate registered nurses in australia. While still qualitative and inductive, it was deterministic in nature with an emphasis on cause and effect, testing theories, and an apprehension of the truth (brown, 2008 yin, 2014). Similarly, the uptake of case study research in the political sciences, particularly during the 1980s and 1990s, led to a more integrated methodological approach with the aim of theoretical development and testing (george & bennett, 2005).

The continued use of case study to understand the complexities of institutions, practices, processes, and relations in politics, has demonstrated the utility of case study for researching complex issues, and testing causal mechanisms that can be applied across varied disciplines. The most notable case studies include thomas and znanieckis (1958 1918-1920) study of polish peasants in europe and america and, the ethnographic work by malinowski (1913) in the trobriand islands in melanesia that spanned over several years (creswell, hanson, plano clark & morales, 2007 johansson, 2003 stewart, 2014). This involves being selective and specific in identifying the parameters of the case including the participants, location andor process to be explored, and establishing the timeframe for investigating the case (merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014).

The fundamental goal of case study research is to conduct an in-depth analysis of an issue, within its context with a view to understand the issue from the perspective of participants (merriam, 2009 simons, 2009 stake, 2006, yin, 2014). At the same time, case study research was often criticized for its inability to support generalizability and thus considered to provide limited validity and value as a research design (johansson, 2003 merriam, 2009 stewart, 2014). Case study research is most often described as qualitative inquiry (creswell, 2014 denzin & lincoln, 2011 merriam, 2009 miles et al.

Furthermore, postpositivists accept that everyone is inherently biased in worldviews, which ultimately influence how the methods used are deployed. This resulted in placing more emphasis on inductive exploration, discovery, and holistic analysis that was presented in thick descriptions of the case. Methods used in case study to facilitate achieving the aim of co-constructing data most often include observations, interviews, focus groups, document and artifact analysis (merriam, 2009 simons, 2009 stake, 1995 2006 stewart, 2014 yin, 2014).

As a result, surveys, experiments, and statistical methods anchored in quantitative approaches were favored and considered more rigorous than qualitative designs (johansson, 2003). On the other hand, stake (1995) takes a more flexible stance and while concerned with rigor in the processes, maintains a focus on what is studied (the case) rather than how it is studied (the method). Case study research has grown in sophistication and is viewed as a valid form of inquiry to explore a broad scope of complex issues, particularly when human behavior and social interactions are central to understanding topics of interest (anthony & jack, 2009 flyvbjerg, 2011 george & bennett, 2005 luck, jackson & usher, 2006 merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014).

Phd is professor and head of nursing, midwifery and nutrition at james cook university, australia. Since the 1980s a broad scope of case study approaches have developed. Such investigations were conducted in the natural setting of those experiences with results presented descriptively or as a narrative (merriam, 2009). He presented a structured process for undertaking case study research where formal propositions or theories guide the research process and are tested as part of the outcome, highlighting his realist approach to qualitative case study research. Case study research is consistently described as a versatile form of qualitative inquiry most suitable for a comprehensive, holistic, and in-depth investigation of a complex issue (phenomena, event, situation, organization, program individual or group) in context, where the boundary between the context and issue is unclear and contains many variables (creswell, 2014 flyvbjerg, 2011 merriam, 2009 simons, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014).


Case study - Wikipedia


In the social sciences and life sciences, a case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a subject of study (the case), as well as its related contextual conditions.

Single Case Study Methodology

Five Misunderstandings About Case-Study Research
Flyvbjerg, Five Misunderstandings About Case-study research, 9.1 3 the preliminary stages of an investigation’ to generate hypotheses, but it is misleading to see the case
Single Case Study Methodology Case study designs have been used across a number of disciplines, particularly the social sciences, education, business, Furthermore, advocates of case study encourage the use of both quantitative and qualitative methods within their designs adding further obscurity to the question of methodology (merriam. Prominent case study researchers do however emphasize that an overarching methodology shapes a case study design and that multiple sources of data and methods can be used (merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014), thus providing the distinction between the two. The case. A case is selected because it is interesting in itself or can facilitate the understanding of something else it is instrumental in providing insight on an issue (stake, 2006). Phd is professor and pro vice chancellor of the college of health at massey university in new zealand. Furthermore, postpositivists accept that everyone is inherently biased in worldviews, which ultimately influence how the methods used are deployed. These varied definitions stem from the researchers differing approaches to developing case study methodology and often reflect the elements they emphasize as central to their designs.
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    The diversity of approaches subsequently adds diversity to definition and description. This involves being selective and specific in identifying the parameters of the case including the participants, location andor process to be explored, and establishing the timeframe for investigating the case (merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014). Researchers who have contributed to the development of case study research come from diverse disciplines with different philosophical perspectives, resulting in a variety of definitions and approaches. Qualitative paradigms are broad and can encompass exploratory, explanatory, interpretive, or descriptive aims. A case is selected because it is interesting in itself or can facilitate the understanding of something else it is instrumental in providing insight on an issue (stake, 2006).

    Her research interests are primary health care, public health and health systems strengthening. He does not use the terms methodology or strategy. Ongoing application of and sound debate about the value, validity, and capability of case study research have strengthened the efficacy of case study approaches as powerful forms of qualitative research. Methods used in case study to facilitate achieving the aim of co-constructing data most often include observations, interviews, focus groups, document and artifact analysis (merriam, 2009 simons, 2009 stake, 1995 2006 stewart, 2014 yin, 2014). Interaction with research subjects therefore needs to be minimized and subjectivity managed to avoid biasing the results (ibid.

    Brown (2008) sums up the influences of each, saying that case study research is supported by the pragmatic approach of merriam, informed by the rigour of yin and enriched by the creative interpretation described by stake (p. As discussed earlier, ensuring the alignment of philosophy and methodology with the research purpose and methods employed underpins a rigorous research process (stewart, 2014). He presented a structured process for undertaking case study research where formal propositions or theories guide the research process and are tested as part of the outcome, highlighting his realist approach to qualitative case study research. Change and progress have stemmed from parallel influences of historical transformations in approaches to research and individual researchers preferences, perspectives, and interpretations of this design. Case study research has grown in sophistication and is viewed as a valid form of inquiry to explore a broad scope of complex issues, particularly when human behavior and social interactions are central to understanding topics of interest (anthony & jack, 2009 flyvbjerg, 2011 george & bennett, 2005 luck, jackson & usher, 2006 merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014). Denzin and lincoln (2011) emphasize the qualitative essence of case study, while acknowledging its evolution and fluidity with regard to accommodating varied ontologies, epistemologies, methodologies, and methods. How the methods are used will vary and depend on the research purpose and design, which is often a variation of a single or multiple case study research design. Case study research foundations and methodological orientations 34 paragraphs. Case study research as a strategy for methodological exploration, according to flyvbjerg (2011) has been around as long as recorded history (p. Key contributors to case study research and major contextual influences on its evolution are included.

    International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 2, Issue 8, August 2012 3 ISSN 2250-3153 www.ijsrp.org

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    Exploring the philosophical orientation of case study research and variations in different case study approaches can help to clarify these differences, and promote a better understanding of how to apply these principles in practice. Denzin & yvonna s. To assist in understanding and achieving this alignment, the qualitative case study approaches developed by yin (2014), stake (1995) and merriam (1998, 2009) are explored in the following sections. The ambiguity about case study being either or both a methodology and method, is compounded by the terminology used in discussions about case study. The aim is to provide a rich holistic description that illuminates ones understanding of the phenomena (merriam, 1998) Buy now Single Case Study Methodology

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    Case study research is consistently described as a versatile form of qualitative inquiry most suitable for a comprehensive, holistic, and in-depth investigation of a complex issue (phenomena, event, situation, organization, program individual or group) in context, where the boundary between the context and issue is unclear and contains many variables (creswell, 2014 flyvbjerg, 2011 merriam, 2009 simons, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014). With the dominance of logical positivism from the 1940s through to the 1960s and 1970s case study methodology was viewed with skepticism and criticism. The role of the researcher in producing this knowledge is critical, and stake emphasizes the researchers interpretive role as essential in the process Single Case Study Methodology Buy now

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    Defining the case (unit of analysis or object of the study) and bounding the case can be difficult as many points of interest and variables intersect and overlap in case study research. What is case study research? In jillian d. Validity of research results are verified through the scrutiny of others and, as such, adherence to mechanisms that ensure rigor in data collection and analysis is vital. According to yin what makes case study research distinct from experimental studies is the case study is investigated in context, examined in its real world setting (p. The integration of formal, statistical, and narrative methods in a single study, combined with the use of empirical methods for case selection and causal inference, demonstrated the versatility of case study design and made a significant contribution to its methodological evolution (ibid Buy Single Case Study Methodology at a discount

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    . In terms of epistemology, stake argues that situation shapes activity, experience, and ones interpretation of the case. Processes such as descriptive, thematic and content analysis, and triangulation are significant in ensuring the quality of a study, therefore, methods of data collection and analysis need to be organized and systematized with a detailed chain of evidence (merriam, 2009). Similarly, case studies in international relations integrated rigorous, standardized methods with statistical and formal methods, including qualitative comparative analysis and process tracing to improve understanding of world politics (bennett & elman, 2007 gerring, 2004 levy, 2007). While over time the contributions of researchers from varied disciplines have helped to develop and strengthen case study research, the variety of disciplinary backgrounds has also added complexity, particularly around how case study research is defined, described, and applied in practice Buy Online Single Case Study Methodology

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    The role of the researcher in producing this knowledge is critical, and stake emphasizes the researchers interpretive role as essential in the process. Grounded theory merged qualitative field study methods from the chicago school of sociology with quantitative methods of data analysis (johansson, 2003, p. Key contributors to the development of case study agree that the focus of a case study is the detailed inquiry of a unit of analysis as a bounded system (the case), over time, within its context. He does not use the terms methodology or strategy. Over the last forty years, case study research has undergone substantial methodological development.

    This involves being selective and specific in identifying the parameters of the case including the participants, location andor process to be explored, and establishing the timeframe for investigating the case (merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014) Buy Single Case Study Methodology Online at a discount

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    What is case study research? In jillian d. Advocating for careful planning, development, and execution of case study research, merriam (1998, 2009) discusses the pragmatic structures that ensure case study research is manageable, rigorous, credible, and applicable. With the dominance of logical positivism from the 1940s through to the 1960s and 1970s case study methodology was viewed with skepticism and criticism. Many methodologies are aligned with specific philosophical positions that guide the research process. During this process, researchers are encouraged to logically justify their philosophical position, research design and include a coherent argument for inclusion of varying research methods (luck et al Single Case Study Methodology For Sale

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    While differences exist in some areas, commonalities are evident that can guide the application of a case study research design. Ongoing application of and sound debate about the value, validity, and capability of case study research have strengthened the efficacy of case study approaches as powerful forms of qualitative research. The most notable case studies include thomas and znanieckis (1958 1918-1920) study of polish peasants in europe and america and, the ethnographic work by malinowski (1913) in the trobriand islands in melanesia that spanned over several years (creswell, hanson, plano clark & morales, 2007 johansson, 2003 stewart, 2014). For example, yin (2014) discusses case study research and in the context of presenting case study, refers to it as a research method while emphasizing the procedures used For Sale Single Case Study Methodology

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    The versatility of case study research to accommodate the researchers philosophical position presents a unique platform for a range of studies that can generate greater insights into areas of inquiry. The fundamental goal of case study research is to conduct an in-depth analysis of an issue, within its context with a view to understand the issue from the perspective of participants (merriam, 2009 simons, 2009 stake, 2006, yin, 2014). What is case study research? In jillian d. Interaction between participants and the researcher is required to generate data, which is an indication of the researchers level of connection to and being immersed in the field. Historical examples of case study stem as far back as the early nineteenth century with the biography of charles darwin (stewart, 2014) Sale Single Case Study Methodology

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